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Laboratory exams

Laboratory tests check a sample of your blood, urine, or body tissues. A technician or your doctor analyzes the test samples to see if your results fall within the normal range. The tests use a range because what is normal differs from person to person. Many factors affect test results. These include

  • Your sex, age and race
  • What you eat and drink
  • Medicines you take
  • How well you followed pre-test instructions

Your doctor may also compare your results to results from previous tests. Laboratory tests are often part of a routine checkup to look for changes in your health. They also help doctors diagnose medical conditions, plan or evaluate treatments, and monitor diseases.

Genetic testing has potential benefits whether the results are positive or negative for a gene mutation. Test results can provide a sense of relief from uncertainty and help people make informed decisions about managing their health care. There are several use for genetic testing:

  • Diagnostic testing: it is used to identify or confirm the diagnosis of a disease or condition in a person or a family. It is helpful in determining the course of a disease and the choice of treatment.
  • Predictive genetic testing: it determines the chances that a healthy individual with or without a family history of a certain disease might develop that disease.
  • Presymptomatic genetic testing: it is used to determine whether persons who have a family history of a disease, but no current symptoms, have the gene alterations associated with the disease.
  • Carrier testing: it is performed to determine whether a person carries one copy of an altered gene for a particular disease.
Laboratory exams
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